Biology of individual development

Department of Medical Biology

Responsible for implementation: O.M. Zahrychuk

The aim of “Biology of individual development” discipline follows the goals of education and professional training programs for graduates of higher medical educational institution determined by the content and system of knowledge and skills, which must acquire medical specialist. The knowledge that students receive the academic discipline of “Biology of individual development” is the base for the block courses that provide natural science (block NS) and professional practice (block PP) training. Studying "Biology of individual development" students forms a coherent picture of the general laws of nature; the essence of life, its forms, individual and historical development of the organic world and man's place in it; the forms of biotic relationships in nature, man’s place in the biosphere; provides fundamental biological training and practical skills for further professional activities of general practitioner and pediatrician.
1. To determine the manifestations of general biological patterns of ontogenetic transformations.
2. To analyze stages of ontogenesis.
3. To determine the features of the ontogenesis of vertebrate organisms of different taxonomic groups.
4. To interpret the basic principles of the evolution of ontogeny.
As a result of studying student should know:
• choose methods for studying a certain stage of development;
• the morpho-functional analysis of the organism at a certain stage of ontogenesis;
• analyze, describe, and explain changes in ontogenesis according to specific environmental conditions.
As a result of studying student should be able to:
•to determine the stage of ontogenesis of specific organisms;
• to determine the germ cells (sperm and oocytes) and the stages of oogenesis and spermatogenesis, different stages of fertilization;
• to determine the type of post-embryonic development of different classes of chordates.
As a result of studying student should acquire habits:

• Microscoping technology, making temporary micropreparations;
• Determine the stages of embryonic development of individual representatives of the animal world.