Microbial ecology of man

Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology

Responsible for implementation – Ass. prof. Oliynyk N.M.

Short description of the discipline: Today, interest in the microbial ecology of man is growing in the scientific community. Therefore, medical students should be informed of the achievements of microbiological science, which have significantly shaken the idea of microorganisms as harmful unicellular organisms. In the process of co-evolution, symbiotic microorganisms colonized the mucous membranes and skin of the human body, which contributed to the formation of a unique human body, which has recently been called the “microbiome”;. It has become quite evident that the microbiome is one of the most important life-support organs of the human body in the process of maintaining homeostasis of the body. This unique microbial organ is closely associated with the immune system and protects the body from harmful environmental factors. The microbiome actively regulates numerous metabolic functions and work of other organs and systems of the human body. The need to master this discipline is also that the study of microbiome has changed the traditional views on the etiology of many diseases. Numerous pathological processes in the human body occur against the background of serious changes in the composition and functional activity of the microbiome. A person with microecological changes
(dysbiosis) is more vulnerable to the development of not only infectious but also somatic pathology. Numerous studies have shown such pathologies as diabetes, obesity, neuro-psychiatric disorders, allergies, autoimmune, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal pathologies, cancer and other microbiome-
related conditions.
The discipline will include lectures and seminars on the peculiarities of the functioning of individual human microbiomes, the role of the microbiome in ensuring the physiological homeostasis of the human body, the importance of symbiotic microflora in the pathology of both infectious and somatic character, microbiome pathology and microbiome to combat the spread of drug-resistant pathogens, the use of probiotics in medical practice.