Sectional course

Department of Pathologic Anatomy, Autopsy Course and Forensic Pathology

Responsible for implementation: Associate prof. Yu. Orel

Upon learning this discipline, the student will acquire knowledge that is relevant and necessary for a doctor of any profession and regardless of place of work. This knowledge can be structured into 3 main clusters. The first is the tactics of the doctor’s actions in case of death of a patient in a hospital or death of a person at a general practitioner – family medicine doctor: differentiation of the need for pathoanatomical or forensic dissection,
correct confirmation by the physician of the fact and cause of death, peculiarities of establishing the cause of death in the perinatal period, preparation of related medical records, etc. Apart from, some students did not attend the autopsy of the deceased during their previous courses (the reason is
autopsies are performed at the pathological or forensic bureau and cannot be synchronized with the timetable of the educational process). While studying a sectional course discipline, it is possible to fill this gap. The second is the ability to draw clinical and pathoanatomical parallels and formulate a pathoanatomical diagnosis. Practical experience shows that fifth-year students may not always be able to formulate a clinical diagnosis based on the findings of examination. Therefore, knowledge of the structure of the diagnosis, the ability to differentiate between the underlying disease, comorbidities and complications will significantly help not only the future pathologist, but also the family doctor and clinician, because only a clear understanding of which pathology is the patient’s underlying disease is able to make it possible to assign an adequate treatment and achieve recovery.
The third is understanding of tasks, functions, methods of work of the pathoanatomical service, its role in the health care system. Close interaction between the doctor in clinics and the pathologist is the key to effective diagnosis and, as a consequence, effective treatment of the patient. Still in the
minds of many students pathologists are imagined as a projector who deals exclusively with post-mortem diagnostics. Certainly, this aspect of the pathoanatomical service is an extremely important method of continuous professional improvement for doctors and student education. At the same
time, the part of biopsy research is constantly increasing in the structure of the pathologist’s work. Future physicians should know the capabilities of current biopsy material research methods and actively apply them in their practice.